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PHILOXENOS OF ERETRIA - The battle of Issos


The battle of Issos


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Alexander Mosaic (The battle of Issos)

PHILOXENUS OF ERETRIA (copy after)

c.170 b.c.
Mosaic - Archaeological Museum, Naples.



The “Alexander Mosaic” is one of the unquestionable masterpieces of Ancient Greek Art, known by a copy found in the “House of the Faun” in Pompeii. The strenght of the work and the sense of movement caused by the foreshortening of the horses and the diagonal spears inevitably remind “The Battle of San Romano” painted many centuries later by Paolo Uccello.

The heartrendingly dramatic work depicts the moment in which Alexander the Great -represented from the side, his face emanating strenght and decision- attacks King Darius, the central figure in the composition. For a long time it was thought that this work depicted the Battle of Issus (333 b.C.), but some historians have suggested that it could also represent the later Battle of Gaugamela (331 b.C.)

Text: G. Fernández, www.theartwolf.com

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